Assault– Ohio Revised Code (ORC) Chapter 2903.13(A) states that no one shall knowingly cause or try to cause physical harm to another person or to another person’s unborn child. Section 2903.13(B) states no one shall recklessly cause serious physical harm to another person or another person’s unborn child. Under this law, you can be charged with assault based on intentional or reckless behavior. You can also be charged with assault whether or not there was any contact between you and the other person. Assault may be a first-degree misdemeanor. However, aggravating factors such as a particular relationship between you and the alleged victim, can raise this crime to a felony.
Aggravated Assault– ORC Chapter 2903.12 states it is unlawful for anyone who is under the influence of a sudden fit of rage brought on by a serious provocation by the alleged victim, to knowingly cause serious physical harm to another person or their unborn child, or cause or attempt to cause physical harm to another or their unborn child by use of a deadly weapon. This is a fourth-degree felony, except if the victim is a police officer or law enforcement investigator, which makes it a third-degree felony.
Voluntary Manslaughter– ORC Chapter 2903.03 states it is illegal for anyone, while under the influence of sudden passion brought on by a serious provocation by the victim – which is reasonably enough to incite a person to use deadly force – to knowingly cause the death of another or the unlawful termination of a person’s pregnancy. This offense does not include those who act under a sexual motivation. Voluntary Manslaughter is a first-degree felony.
Involuntary Manslaughter- ORC Chapter 2903.04 defines the offense of involuntary manslaughter as an individual causing the death of another person or the unlawful termination of a person’s pregnancy while committing or attempting to commit a felony. This is a first-degree felony. If a person involuntary causes another person’s death or the unlawful termination of a pregnancy while committing or trying to commit a misdemeanor, then this is typically a third-degree felony.